10 Essential Tools Every Blockchain Developer must Have

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Blockchain technology has grown significantly recently and has become popular among software developers. Blockchain technology has many use cases, including cryptocurrency, supply chain management, digital identity, etc.

As a blockchain developer, it is essential to have the right tools to create and deploy decentralized applications (dApps), smart contracts, and other blockchain-based solutions.

This article will discuss the ten essential tools every blockchain developer must have.


Ethereum is one of the most popular blockchain platforms for building decentralized applications and smart contracts.

As a blockchain developer, it is essential to have a solid understanding of the Ethereum platform and learn the Solidity programming language used for developing on Ethereum.

The Solidity programming language is similar to JavaScript and can be used to create smart contracts and dApps.

  • Getting Started with Ethereum

Before diving into Solidity, it’s essential to understand the basics of blockchain technology. You need to have a good understanding of the decentralized, distributed ledger concept that underlies blockchain technology. This will help you grasp the underlying principles of Solidity.

Solidity is a high-level programming language similar to other programming languages like C++ or JavaScript.

However, starting with the basics is essential if you’re new to programming.

There are several resources online, including free and paid courses, that can teach you programming basics which include:

Solidity has comprehensive documentation on the official website, including a beginner’s guide, a language reference, and tutorials. You can start by reading the beginner’s guide and working through the tutorials.

To start developing in Solidity, you must set up a development environment.

There are several options available, including Remix and Truffle. Remix is a web-based IDE that runs in your browser, while Truffle is a development framework for Ethereum.

Both tools provide an easy way to write, compile, and test Solidity code.

Once you have set up your development environment, you can start coding. Solidity syntax is similar to other programming languages.

Having some skills with JavaScript will make the syntax easier to read.

Start with simple contracts and work your way up to more complex contracts. Here is an example of a simple solidity contract.

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

contract Agreement {
  uint public agreedNumber;

  function agree(uint _number) public {
    agreedNumber = _number;

Let’s break down this code:

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;: This line specifies the version of Solidity that this contract uses.

contract Agreement { … }: This line defines a new Solidity contract called Agreement.

uint public agreedNumber;: This line defines a public state variable called agreedNumber of type uint (unsigned integer). This variable will store the number that the two parties agree on.

function agree(uint _number) public { … }: This line defines a public function called agree that takes a single argument, _number, of type uint.

agreedNumber = _number;: This line assigns the value of _number to agreedNumber, storing the agreed-upon number in the contract.

In this simple example, two parties can call the agree function and pass in a number they agree on.

The contract will store the agreed-upon number in the agreedNumber state variable, which anyone with access to the contract can access.

Hyperledger Fabric

Hyperledger Fabric is an open-source blockchain platform that offers a modular architecture and a wide range of features for building enterprise-level applications.

As a blockchain developer, it is essential to learn how to use Hyperledger Fabric to build private and permissioned blockchains that meet the requirements of enterprise-level applications.

Get started here:


InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) is a decentralized file storage system that can store and share large amounts of data securely and efficiently.

IPFS provides a distributed file system that can be used as a content-addressable storage system.

As a blockchain developer, learning IPFS is essential for building dApps that require decentralized file storage.

Here’s a high-level overview of how IPFS works:

  • IPFS, files are not referenced by their location on a specific server but rather by a unique cryptographic hash of their content. This hash addresses the file across the network, making it easily discoverable and retrievable.
  • Decentralized storage: When a file is added to the IPFS network, it is broken into small chunks and distributed across multiple nodes. This means there is no single point of failure, and files are stored redundantly across the network.
  • Content-addressed networking: IPFS uses content-addressed networking, which means that data is requested and served based on its content rather than the location of the server that hosts it. This creates a more efficient and resilient network, as content can be accessed from any node with a copy of it rather than relying on a single server.
  • Merkle DAG: IPFS uses a data structure called a Merkle DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph) to represent the files and their relationships to each other. This allows for efficient verification of the integrity and authenticity of the data and the ability to traverse and discover related files quickly.
  • IPFS provides a more resilient and decentralized alternative to traditional client-server file sharing and storage models. By leveraging the power of peer-to-peer networking and cryptographic hashing, IPFS creates a more open and collaborative web where users can easily share and access information without relying on centralized servers.


Truffle is a development framework for Ethereum that makes it easier to create, test, and deploy smart contracts and dApps.

Truffle provides tools for writing, compiling, and testing smart contracts and tools for deploying smart contracts to the Ethereum blockchain.


Truffle allows developers to create a new Ethereum-based project with a single command. This project includes all the necessary boilerplate code for building, testing, and deploying smart contracts and configuration files for network settings and dependencies.

Truffle provides a development environment for writing and testing smart contracts using the Solidity programming language. Developers can use Truffle’s built-in console to interact with their contracts and deploy them to a local or remote Ethereum network.

Example of how Truffle could be used to build a simple dApp that allows users to store and retrieve data on the Ethereum network:

Project creation: Using Truffle, we can create a new project called “DataStore” with the command truffle init. This creates a new directory structure with all the necessary files for building, testing, and deploying smart contracts.

Smart contract development: We can write a smart contract called “DataStorage” using the Solidity programming language.

This contract defines a mapping between string keys and string values, allowing users to store and retrieve data on the Ethereum network. Here’s an example of what the contract might look like:

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

contract DataStorage {
  mapping(string => string) private data;

  function store(string memory key, string memory value) public {
    data[key] = value;

  function retrieve(string memory key) public view returns (string memory) {
    return data[key];

Testing: We can write tests using Truffle’s testing framework to ensure that our smart contract behaves as expected under different scenarios.

Here’s an example of what a test might look like:

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

import "truffle/Assert.sol";
import "truffle/DeployedAddresses.sol";
import "../contracts/DataStorage.sol";

contract TestDataStorage {
  function testStoreAndRetrieve() public {
    DataStorage dataStorage = DataStorage(DeployedAddresses.DataStorage());

    dataStorage.store("key1", "value1");
    dataStorage.store("key2", "value2");

    Assert.equal(dataStorage.retrieve("key1"), "value1", "Value should be stored for key1");
    Assert.equal(dataStorage.retrieve("key2"), "value2", "Value should be stored for key2");

Deployment: We can use Truffle to deploy our smart contract to a local or remote Ethereum network using the command truffle migrate. This creates a new contract instance on the network and returns its address, which we can use to interact with.

Integration with other tools: Using Truffle’s integration with Web3.js, we can build a simple web interface that allows users to interact with our smart contract using a web browser. Here’s an example of what the interface might look like:

Truffle makes it easy to deploy smart contracts to the Ethereum network using a single command. It also includes support for multiple networks, allowing developers to deploy their contracts to different testnets or the main Ethereum network.

Truffle integrates with other popular Ethereum development tools, such as Ganache (a local Ethereum network), IPFS (InterPlanetary File System), and Web3.js (a JavaScript library for interacting with the Ethereum network). This allows developers to build more complex and sophisticated dApps with ease.

Remix IDE

An Integrated Development Environment (IDE) allows developers to write, test, and debug smart contracts in Solidity.

Remix is a web-based IDE that provides a simple and easy-to-use interface for developing and deploying smart contracts to the Ethereum blockchain.

Getting started with remix

To start learning how to use the remix interface, here are some quick tutorials on setting you up.

In the next session, we will be looking at more tools every Blockchain developer must have.

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